Annex A -Group Research Proposal

Group Project Proposal (Science)
SCHOOL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, SINGAPORE
An INVESTIGATIVE SKILLS IN SCIENCE Project


By Alden, Joshua and Yu Heng


Class: S2-07
Group Reference: B

1.    Indicate the type of research that you are adopting:



[         ]Test a hypothesis: Hypothesis-driven research

[         ] Measure a value: Experimental research (I)

[         ]Measure a function or relationship: Experimental research (II)

[         ]Construct a model: Theoretical sciences and applied mathematics

[    X   ] Observational and exploratory research
 


2.    Write a research proposal of your interested topic in the following format:


Title: An investigation of what makes a casterboard move and how it accelerates.


A.    Question being addressed
A student wanted to find out what makes a caster board moves and how it accelerates
No independent variable.
The dependent variable is the different types of motions
Velocity
Linear motion(motion in a straight line)
Gravitational Potential Energy
Degree of pitch(degree of rotation about the z axis)
Degree of roll(degree of rotation about the x axis)
The constants are:
(a)Ground surface
(b)Rider
(c)Caster board
(d)Measuring Equipment


B.    Hypotheses
  1. The linear motion of the caster board is caused by the increase in height for the wheels and then back to its original height again.
  2. The velocity and pitching motion of the caster board,which we think is affected by the rolling motion of the two plates follows the following graph.
3. The acceleration or deceleration of the caster board is affected by the angle and angular velocity of the rolling action.


C.    Description in detail of method or procedures (The following are important and key items that should be included when formulating ANY AND ALL research plans.)
Equipment list:
Equipment
Quantity
Purpose
High Speed Camera
1
To capture footage of the experiment
Caster Board
1
Main focus of experiment
Experienced Rider
1
To ride the caster board
3-Axis Accelerometer
2
To measure acceleration of the moving caster board.
Data Logger
2
To collect data from the accelerometers and plot graphs
Measuring Tape
1
For measuring distances


Procedures: Detail all procedures and experimental design to be used for data
collection)


Experiment Setup(Figure 1)
Fig 1
-There will be a camera on the floor to capture footage of the caster board and later help with plotting a speed by time graph.
-There will be an accelerometer on each of the foot platforms to measure the degree of roll of the foot boards about the horizontal axis when the rider moves them.
-The accelerometers will be connected by wires to data loggers in the rider’s pocket which will plot graphs from inside the rider’s pockets.


Experiment Carry Out
The rider will ride the caster board at a normal speed.
After traveling a distance of 10 m, the rider then come to a stop.
Values recorded by the accelerometer will be used to measure the pitch and roll.
The accelerometer will also measure acceleration of the moving caster board.
A camera will record footage and will be used to help measure the speed of the wave board.


The experiment will be repeated 5 times for greater accuracy.


• Risk and Safety: Identify any potential risks and safety precautions to be taken.
The rider may fall while riding the caster board
Solution: Get the rider to wear protective gear
The rider falls over and the equipment is smashed.
Solution: Get an experienced rider or add protective casing on the equipment.
Data Analysis: Describe the procedures you will use to analyze the data/results that answer research questions or hypotheses
A camera together with Logger Pro will give the velocity graph.
An accelerometer will tell us the rate of acceleration of the moving caster board.
The data logger will help us plot the graph.


D And E. Bibliography: List at least five (5) major references (e.g. science journal articles, books, internet sites) from your literature review. If you plan to use vertebrate animals, one of these references must be an animal care reference. Choose the APA format and use it consistently to reference the literature used in the research plan. List your entries in alphabetical order.List 20 research websites.



In alphabetical order


Benson.T. (2014, June 12). Center of Gravity. Retrieved 13 January 2015, from http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/k-12/airplane/cg.html


Bolles, B. (2008, January 1). Caster & Camber Settings - Chassis Technology - Circle Track Magazine. Retrieved January 13, 2015, from http://www.hotrod.com/how-to/chassis-suspension/ctrp-0801-caster-camber-settings/


Brandley, J. (2015). What Is A Caster Board? Retrieved January 13, 2015, from
http://www.streetdirectory.com/travel_guide/38237/recreation_and_sports/what_is_a_caster_board.html


Brandt.J. (2014, November 29). Gyroscopic Forces by Jobst Brandt. Retrieved 13 January 2015, from http://sheldonbrown.com/brandt/gyro.html


Caster-Explained [Motion picture]. (2012). Engineering Explained.Retrived from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gh7gWJAvOvs


KINUGASA, K., ISHIKAWA, M., SUGIMOTO, Y., & OSUKA, K. (2013). Modeling and Control of Casterboard Robot. Modeling and Control of Casterboard Robot, 785-790. Retrieved January 13, 2015, from http://www.nt.ntnu.no/users/skoge/prost/proceedings/nolcos-2013/papers/0063.pdf


Lohninger, H. (2009, June 21). Types of Motion.Vias.org. Retrieved 13 January 2015, from http://www.vias.org/physics/bk1_04_02.html


Motion - The Physics Hypertextbook.  (2015). Retrieved 13 January 2015, from http://physics.info/motion/
Physics of Caster Board. (2012). Retrieved January 13, 2015, from http://physics-o-sports.webs.com/


Physics of Casterboarding [Motion picture]. (2009). Northern Wisconsin: Youtube.Retrived from  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-q-YNe_XwLw


Physics Podcast: Casterboard [Motion picture]. (2010). America: Youtube.Retrived from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qQaS0v5nc6E


The Physics Classroom. (2015, January 13). Potential Energy . Retrieved from http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/energy/Lesson-1/Potential-Energy


The Forbidden F-Word. (2015, January 13). Retrieved from http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/circles/Lesson-1/The-Forbidden-F-Word


TutorVista. (2015, January 13). Motion, Equations of Motion, Uniform Motion | Physics@TutorVista.com. Retrieved from


Types of Motion. (2015, January 13). Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/design/systemscontrol/mechanismsrev8.shtml


Ragep, F., & al-Qushji, A. (2001). Freeing Astronomy from Philosophy: An Aspect of Islamic Influence on Science. Osiris, 16(1), 49-71. doi:10.1086/649338 Retrived from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inertia


Roll, Pitch, and Yaw | How Things Fly.(2015, January 13). Retrieved from https://howthingsfly.si.edu/flight-dynamics/roll-pitch-and-yaw
Wikipedia. (2015, January 13). Caster angle. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caster_angle


www2.vernier.com,. (2015). Retrieved 26 January 2015, from http://www2.vernier.com/booklets/lga-bta.pdf


The C Continuum,. (2012). Arduino IMU: Pitch & Roll from an Accelerometer. Retrieved 9 February 2015, from http://theccontinuum.com/2012/09/24/arduino-imu-pitch-roll-from-accelerometer/




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